The origin of the remarkable Araucana chicken is most propably Chile in South America. It is thought to be a crossing between two local landraces: Coloncas, a tailless chicken who lays bluish eggs and Quetero from which the characteristic extended head feathers comes. The domesticated chicken was originally brought from Europe to America, but it is not known when and where the tailless mutation and the blue-green eggs have developed. In the 1800s the Araucana returned to Spain from where it since has spread to chicken breeders around the globe.
The look of the Auracana is quite special. Because it anatomically is missing the tailbone it has no rump and no tail. The ear tassels are a characteristic for the breed. The rose comb is very small and and the wattles are almost missing.
Another of the Araucanas specialities is the spectacular blue-green eggshells. The reason for the colour is a special gene that makes the green bile substance (biliverdin) to be deposited in the egg shells when they are formed in the uterus of the hen. On the inside the eggs are just like any other egg. Besides the Araucana, which abilities for bluish egg shells has been passed on to the Ameraucana breed, the English-type Araucana and the Cream Legbar, only a few chinese chicken types Dongxiang and Lushi Chickens, lays bluish eggs.
The Araucana has a pleasant and courious nature. If allowed, it likes to go its own ways a bit like a cat.
White, Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Golden duckwing, Silver duckwing, Black red, Blue red, Wheaten, Lavender
Weight hen: 1 – 1,8 kg
Weight rooster: 2,25 kg
Egg: ca 52 gram, light blue or turquoise
Eggs a year: ca 180
Also found as a bantam.